Creating New User without O365 with PowerShell



  • This script pops up a command prompt asking a series of basic questions in order to:

    1. Create a user
    2. Sets a password
    3. Create their network folders
    4. Create their email address on a local Exchange box
    5. Add them to a Security Group based upon department (can be modified however you like)
    6. Prints out an information sheet for you to give to the new user with their required information.
    #Imports the AD
    Import-Module activedirectory
    
    #Sets Variables
    $fn #First Name
    $ln #Last Name
    $title
    $dep #Department
    $loc #Location
    $man #Manager
    $un #Username
    $officePhone
    $streetAdd
    $city
    $ZIP
    $fi #First Name Initial, will be used to figure out Username
    
    #Getting information
    $fn = Read-host "First Name?"
    $ln = Read-Host "Last Name?"
    $title = Read-Host "Title?"
    $dep = Read-Host "Department?"
    $man = Read-Host "Manager (Username)?"
    $loc = Read-Host "Loc1 or Loc2?"
    
    #Finding out the Username
    $fi = $fn.Substring(0,1)
    $un = -join ($ln, $fi)
    
    #Sets Location information (Module 1.06)
    if ($loc -eq "Loc1") { #If the user is in Loc1 (Module 1.07)
        $officePhone = "(999) 999-9999";
        $streetAdd = "123 Anywhere Drive";
        $city = "YourTown";
        $ZIP = "12345";
    }
    Else { #If the user is in Loc2 (Module 1.08)
        $officePhone = "(987) 654-3210";
        $streetAdd = "987 Nothere Blvd";
        $city = "Somewhere Else";
        $ZIP = "98765";
    }
    
    #Sets Password
    $passwd = (Read-Host -AsSecureString "Account Password")
    $password = ConvertFrom-SecureString -SecureString $passwd
    
    $userParams = @{
    	'Name' = $un;
    	'Enabled' = $true;
    	'AccountPassword' = $passwd; 
    	'UserPrincipalName' = -join ($un, "@<domain>.com");
    	'SamAccountName' = $un;
    	'ChangePasswordAtLogon' = $false;
    	'GivenName' = $fn;
    	'Surname' = $ln;
    	'DisplayName' = -join ($fn," ",$ln);
    	'Description' = $title;
    	'OfficePhone' = $officePhone;
    	'StreetAddress' =  $streetAdd;
    	'City' = $city;
    	'State' = "Texas";
    	'PostalCode' = $ZIP;
    	'Title' = $title;
    	'Department' = $dep;
    	'Company' = '<MyCompany>';
    	'Manager' = $man;
    }
    
    #Creates the user in AD
    New-ADUser @userParams
    
    #Wait for the account to be created before doing anything else
    Start-Sleep -Seconds 10
    
    #Makes the user's network drive, scan folder, and sets the permissions to their folders and files
    if ($loc -eq "Loc1") { #If the user is in Loc1
    New-Item -Name $un -ItemType directory -Path "\\server\folder\" #Creates users network drive
    New-Item -Name scans -ItemType directory -Path "\\server\folder\$un\" #Creates users scan folder
    icacls \\<server>\d$\Users\$un\* /grant $un:F /inheritance:e /T
    }
    Else { #If the user is in Loc2
    New-Item -Name $un -ItemType directory -Path "\\server\folder\" #Creates users network drive
    New-Item -Name scans -ItemType directory -Path "\\server\folder\$un" #Creates users scan folder
    icacls \\<server>\d$\Users\$un\* /grant $un:F /inheritance:e /T
    }
    
    #Adds the user to the correct Security Group for permissions and other network drives
    if ($dep -eq "Accounting"){
    Add-ADGroupMember -Identity 'Accounting' -Members $un
    } #Adds the user to the Accounting Group
    Elseif ($dep -eq "Customer Service") {
    Add-ADGroupMember -Identity 'Customer Service' -Members $un
    } #Adds the user to the Customer Service Group
    Elseif ($dep -eq "HR") {
    Add-ADGroupMember -Identity 'Human Resources' -Members $un
    } #Adds the user to the Human Resources Group
    Elseif ($dep -eq "Human Resources") {
    Add-ADGroupMember -Identity 'Human Resources' -Members $un
    } #Adds the user to the Human Resources Group
    Elseif ($dep -eq "IT") {
    Add-ADGroupMember -Identity 'Domain Admins' -Members $un
    } #Adds the user to the Domain Admins Group for IT
    Elseif ($dep -eq "Maintenance") {
    Add-ADGroupMember -Identity 'MaintGroup' -Members $un
    } #Adds the user to the Maintenance Group
    Elseif ($dep -eq "Production") {
    Add-ADGroupMember -Identity 'Production' -Members $un
    } #Adds the user to the Production Group
    Elseif ($dep -eq "QA") { 
    Add-ADGroupMember -Identity 'QA Group' -Members $un
    } #Adds the user to the QA Group
    Elseif ($dep -eq "Quality Assurance") { 
    Add-ADGroupMember -Identity 'QA Group' -Members $un
    } #Adds the user to the QA Group
    Elseif ($dep -eq "Shipping") { 
    Add-ADGroupMember -Identity 'SHIP' -Members $un
    } #Adds the user to the Shipping Group
    Else {
    Add-ADGroupMember -Identity 'Domain Users' -Members $un
    } #Dumps the user to the Domain Users Group
    
    #Connects to the Exchange box, creates the users email account, then disconnects from the Exchange box
    $mail = New-PSSession -ConfigurationName Microsoft.Exchange -ConnectionUri http://<exchange>/powershell -name <exchange> -Authentication Kerberos -Credential $cred
    Import-PSSession $mail -WarningAction SilentlyContinue | Out-Null
    enable-Mailbox -Identity $un -Alias $un -DisplayName (-join($fn,$ln)) #Creates the users mailbox
    Remove-PSSession -Session $mail #Disconnects from the Exchange box
    
    $manfn = Get-ADUser $man -Properties GivenName | select GivenName #Gets the managers first name
    $manln = Get-ADUser $man -Properties SurName | select SurName #Gets the managers last name
    
    #Create a report of the User's information
    $report = "Hello $fn $ln,
    
    From the IT Department, welcome to <MyCompany>.   We 
    are here to help you connect to the resources that you need for 
    your job.   If you need assistance with technology, please feel 
    free to contact us at either the help page, which is set as your 
    home page in Internet Explorer, email us at 
    helpdesk@<MyCompany>.com, or call us at extension 4357.
    
    Below you will find your information so that you can login to 
    the network and get started:
    
    Your username is <domain>\$un
    Your password is 
    Your email address is $fn$ln@<MyCompany>.com
    Your phone number is $officePhone Ext. 
    
    It is suggested that you change your password to something that 
    you can remember but difficult enough that somebody else cannot 
    figure out.   The requirement is only 6 characters, but we do 
    advise on making it longer, throw some numbers and special 
    characters in there as well to make it stronger.   Best advice 
    would be to use a pass-PHRASE instead of a pass-WORD.
    
    Your computer should already be setup with your email loaded and 
    your network drives.   At <MyCompany>, we use Microsoft 
    Outlook as the email client.   Depending on what department you 
    are in will depend on what drives you have available.   
    Generally, everybody will have an F: drive and a G: drive.   The 
    F: drive is your network folder.   Place in there the documents 
    that you feel you cannot do your job without.   In the F: drive 
    will be a scan folder.   When you go to the Xerox to scan in 
    documents, then you will find them in your scan folder.   The G: 
    drive is a company-wide shared folder.  As for your department 
    drives, it would be best to talk with $($manfn.name), 
    your supervisor/manager about the nature and uses of these drives.
    
    The use of the equipment and resources provided are a privilege 
    to you for use and should not be taken advantage of.   There are 
    measures set in place that allows us to manage the network.   Do 
    not assume that there is any personal privacy on this network.   
    The only privacy that you can assume is for the nature of your 
    work.   All information (including emails, documents, 
    spreadsheets, pictures, etc.) contained on the equipment 
    provided and on the network is the sole property of <MyCompany>.
    
    If you have problems with your equipment or network resources, 
    please feel free to ask.   We do not mind helping, but we cannot 
    help if we do not know, so please ask! 
    
    Sincerely,
    
    
    Your IT Department"
    
    if ($loc -eq "Loc1") {
    Write-Output $report | Out-Printer \\server\Printer
    }
    Else {
    Write-Output $report | Out-Printer \\server\Printer
    }
    

    A part of the NerdyDad's PowerShell Scripts Series



  • Attempted to use a 3rd party PS Module called NTFSSecurity from TechNet or GitHub. Imported the module and received a number of errors.

    Add-Type : Could not load file or assembly 'file:///C:\Users\baldwinj\Documents\WindowsPowerShell\Modules\NTFSSecurity\Security2.dll' or one of its dependencies. 
    Operation is not supported. (Exception from HRESULT: 0x80131515)
    At C:\Users\baldwinj\Documents\WindowsPowerShell\Modules\NTFSSecurity\NTFSSecurity.Init.ps1:75 char:1
    + Add-Type -Path $PSScriptRoot\Security2.dll
    + ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
        + CategoryInfo          : NotSpecified: (:) [Add-Type], FileLoadException
        + FullyQualifiedErrorId : System.IO.FileLoadException,Microsoft.PowerShell.Commands.AddTypeCommand
     
    Add-Type : Could not load file or assembly 'file:///C:\Users\baldwinj\Documents\WindowsPowerShell\Modules\NTFSSecurity\PrivilegeControl.dll' or one of its 
    dependencies. Operation is not supported. (Exception from HRESULT: 0x80131515)
    At C:\Users\baldwinj\Documents\WindowsPowerShell\Modules\NTFSSecurity\NTFSSecurity.Init.ps1:76 char:1
    + Add-Type -Path $PSScriptRoot\PrivilegeControl.dll -ReferencedAssembli ...
    + ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
        + CategoryInfo          : NotSpecified: (:) [Add-Type], FileLoadException
        + FullyQualifiedErrorId : System.IO.FileLoadException,Microsoft.PowerShell.Commands.AddTypeCommand
     
    Add-Type : Could not load file or assembly 'file:///C:\Users\baldwinj\Documents\WindowsPowerShell\Modules\NTFSSecurity\ProcessPrivileges.dll' or one of its 
    dependencies. Operation is not supported. (Exception from HRESULT: 0x80131515)
    At C:\Users\baldwinj\Documents\WindowsPowerShell\Modules\NTFSSecurity\NTFSSecurity.Init.ps1:77 char:1
    + Add-Type -Path $PSScriptRoot\ProcessPrivileges.dll
    + ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
        + CategoryInfo          : NotSpecified: (:) [Add-Type], FileLoadException
        + FullyQualifiedErrorId : System.IO.FileLoadException,Microsoft.PowerShell.Commands.AddTypeCommand
     
    Import-Module : Could not load file or assembly 'file:///C:\Users\baldwinj\Documents\WindowsPowerShell\Modules\NTFSSecurity\NTFSSecurity.dll' or one of its 
    dependencies. Operation is not supported. (Exception from HRESULT: 0x80131515)
    At line:1 char:1
    + Import-Module NTFSSecurity
    + ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
        + CategoryInfo          : NotSpecified: (:) [Import-Module], FileLoadException
        + FullyQualifiedErrorId : System.IO.FileLoadException,Microsoft.PowerShell.Commands.ImportModuleCommand
    

    Anybody have any suggestions on getting this to work? I'm not familiar enough with PowerShell to be able to fix this.





  • Inserted a new line of code at line 82 & 87 to read as follows:

    icacls \\<server>\d$\Users\$un\* /grant $un:F /inheritance:e /T
    

    This line grants the new employee full access to their network folder and subfolders and items.



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